When the movie Seabiscuit (2003) was released in theaters, my family and I decided to throw our own version of a Hollywood movie premiere party. Seabiscuit was a well-known racehorse during years of the Depression. My mother’s paternal aunt, Agnes Conlon, was the wife of John “Red” Pollard, a jockey who rode Seabiscuit in a number of races. I saw the movie with fifteen of my relatives, followed by a get-together at my aunt and uncle’s home. Although my great-aunt Agnes was not included in the storyline of this movie, it was fun to watch Tobey Maguire portray my great-uncle Red.
Red Pollard and Seabiscuit were viewed by many as underdogs. Pollard suffered various injuries throughout his racing career, including an injury which resulted in blindness in his right eye. He kept that a secret, out of fear that he would not be allowed to ride. Seabiscuit was small in stature and was described as having an awkward gait. This duo began to gain a large following as they started winning races together, but their racing career was not without its setbacks. At one point, both Pollard and Seabiscuit were sidelined with injuries, and it was thought that Seabiscuit would never race again. However, they both returned to the racetrack, winning the Santa Anita Handicap in 1940.
In 1938, Agnes Conlon was working as a nurse at Winthrop Hospital just outside Boston, Massachusetts, when she met Red Pollard. He was a patient at Winthrop Hospital following a severe riding injury. Agnes was already in a relationship when she met Pollard, but the two fell in love. Some members of her family did not approve of the relationship; their disapproval did not stop Agnes from marrying him in 1939. They were married at Willits, California, and the reception was held at the ranch of Seabiscuit’s owner, Charles Howard.
One of Agnes Conlon’s sisters, as well as my great-grandmother, Mary (Dalton) Conlon, made the trip to California to attend the wedding. A documentary on Seabiscuit was aired on the PBS television series American Experience around the time the movie was released. I watched this documentary and was excited to see a video clip of Agnes Conlon and Red Pollard’s wedding reception, since it included footage of my great-grandmother.
I recently watched the movie Seabiscuit for a second time, and it sparked my interest in researching Red Pollard and Seabiscuit’s racing career using various contemporary multimedia sources. I searched the collection of videos available online through You Tube for clips of Seabiscuit’s races. In addition to videos of Seabiscuit’s races and segments of the 2003 movie, I also located several documentaries of interest to my research.
Next I checked the collections available online through the Library of Congress website. Among its online collections are an assortment of photographs, historic newspapers, and maps. I located several photographs of Seabiscuit in its collection, including two photographs with Red Pollard.
In the 1930s, radios became a popular fixture in millions of households. Families would gather around the radio to listen to their favorite program or sports event. A number of Seabiscuit’s races were broadcast over the radio. Available online through Internet Archive are more than six million eBooks, as well as a large number of images. In addition to these collections, this website has a number of audio recordings available online. I located a collection of audio recordings titled “Seabiscuit Horse Races, 1937-1940.” This collection contains five broadcasts of Seabiscuit’s races, including his race against War Admiral in 1938 and the 1940 Santa Anita Handicap race.
As I listened to the audio broadcast of the Santa Anita Handicap race, it occurred to me that my grandparents John and Gertrude (Breen) Conlon most likely sat by their radio to listen to that exact broadcast, cheering on their brother-in-law. Red Pollard’s connection to Seabiscuit provides me with a unique opportunity to utilize various multimedia sources to research his career.
About Eileen Pironti
Eileen graduated with a B.A. from Saint Anselm College, and received an M.S. from American University. She wrote about her ancestors’ participation in the colonization of Nobles County, Minnesota in “‘An Invitation to the Land’: Reconstructing James and Eliza Conlon’s Migration to Minnesota,” which was published in the Summer 2011 issue of American Ancestors magazine. Eileen's interests include Irish and 19th century New England research.View all posts by Eileen Pironti →