I am incredibly fortunate that I have my dream job, working remotely as a Genealogical Researcher with the Boston-based New England Historical Genealogical Society (NEHGS), while living in my dream location – the remote Keweenaw Peninsula of northern Michigan.
Last week I was sitting in Shute’s 1890 Saloon—an historic watering hole in the city of Calumet, Michigan—reflecting on my good fortune, when I looked up at the television flanking the old Brunswick-stained glass canopy and recognized a familiar ship on the screen. The film was a 1952 movie called Plymouth Adventure, a rather questionable depiction of the Mayflower landing on Plymouth Rock. It got me thinking about how I came to be in this spot: a Finn drawing a paycheck from a Boston organization in remote northern Michigan. Surely, I represent a strange confluence of events.
So what is my connection to northern Michigan? My ancestors traveled across the ocean in search of a better living, lured by the rich copper mines in the region. The industry would draw countless immigrants, including my great-grandfather Kustaa Mannisto, who emigrated from Ylivieska, Finland in 1896, and my great-grandfather Mikko Wanhala, who emigrated from Vaasa, Finland in 1887. My great-grandfathers would both meet their brides and live out the remainder of their days in the Keweenaw Peninsula. Over one hundred and twenty years later, my family still owns the Männistö maatila (farm) near the old site of the Phoenix Mine in Keweenaw County, and my father’s cousin still owns the Wanhala home on a narrow, windy country road just a few miles from where I sit. The road, coincidentally, is called Mayflower Road. Hmm…the Boston connection again.
Ok, so my ancestors came here because they saw opportunity in the huge mining economy—but how did these great mines get here in the first place? That’s when the Boston brick hit me: my favorite northern Michigan town was literally built with Boston money.
Just down the street from Shute’s 1890 Saloon stood the old office of the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company, whose first president was Quincy Adams Shaw—a Boston Brahmin, the son of Robert Gould Shaw and Elizabeth Willard Parkman.1 The building itself was built by Boston architects Shaw and Hunnewell.2 In fact, the town of Calumet, Michigan was known as a “Boston town.” There is a small ghost-town just 10 miles away that was once known as Boston Location.
Well, I’m a genealogist, so I keep digging. What brought wealthy Bostonians like Quincy Adams Shaw and his brother-in-law Alexander Agassiz (who is memorialized in a statue two blocks away) to this neck of the woods to start copper mines in the first place? For that answer, we need to go back one hundred and eighty years. On 4 October 1842, the Ojibwe Indian Tribe—also known as the Chippewa—signed a treaty ceding their rights to this land along the shoreline of Lake Superior.3 The treaty, known as the Treaty of La Pointe 1842, was signed by forty-one Ojibwe citizens. It would ultimately be the catalyst for my paternal ancestor’s arrival in America, and the ongoing connection I find myself having with the great city of Boston, Massachusetts.4
The United States government certainly knew what they were gaining with the signing of the Treaty of La Pointe 1842. In 1841, the well-known Michigan geologist Douglass Houghton published the results of a geological survey he did on Michigan’s Upper Peninsula and the land’s rich copper deposits.5 In 1843, the United States Government would open a mineral land office in Copper Harbor, the Keweenaw’s most northern point, and Houghton’s geological findings would spread to east coast investors like Shaw and Agassiz.6 In 1844, the newly formed Boston Copper Harbor Mining Company would start America’s first mining expedition just outside Copper Harbor.7 The Boston Brahmins’ initial investments versus return would not be deemed profitable, but in time, the area which has been affectionally deemed “Copper County” would surpass investors’ hopes and flourish under the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company. 8
At some point in my ruminations, the questionable movie on the TV lost my attention, as the female passengers on the cinematic Mayflower sported low-cut dresses paired with white bonnets—a historical faux pas that woke me as quickly as smelling salts. Walking out of Shute’s into the cobblestone street, I felt an even deeper connection to my ancestors. I bet that I’m not the first Finn to sit on a bar stool in Shute’s Saloon paying for my drink with wages that originated in Boston. I was reminded of the Liam Callanan quote: “We all carry, inside us, people who came before us.”
1 Kathryn Bishop Eckert, Society of Architectural Historians, Keweenaw History Center (Calumet and Hecla Public Library) and New England Historical Society, Stonington, Maine, A Brief History of the Boston Brahmin, updated 2022.
2 Eckert, Society of Architectural Historians,Keweenaw History Center (Calumet and Hecla Public Library).
3 The Indigenous Digital Archive sponsored by The Museum of Indian Arts and Culture (IDA), Santa Fe, New Mexico, from the U.S. National Archives collection of 374 Ratified Indian Treaties, Treaty Between the United States and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, Signed at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Wisconsin Territory, with Schedule of Claims, Ratified Treaty 242, created 4 October 1842.
4 The Indigenous Digital Archive, Treaty Between the United States and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, Signed at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Wisconsin Territory, with Schedule of Claims, 4 October 1842.
5 Theodore J. Bornhorst and Lawrence J. Molloy, Douglass Houghton- Pioneer of Lake Superior Geology, Superior Geology, A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum Web Publication 4, 2017, Michigan’s First State Geologist, page 5.
6 National Park Service, Keweenaw Historical National Park, Michigan Timeline of Michigan Copper Mining Prehistory 1850, timeline year: 1843, Copper Harbor mineral land office opens and Bornhorst and Molloy, Douglass Houghton- Pioneer of Lake Superior Geology, Superior Geology, A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum Web Publication 4, 2017, Michigan’s First State Geologist, page 5.
7 National Park Service, Keweenaw Historical National Park, Michigan Timeline of Michigan Copper Mining Prehistory 1850, timeline year: 1844, Boston Cooper Harbor Mining Company starts mining outside of Copper Harbor.
8 Bornhorst and Molloy, Douglass Houghton- Pioneer of Lake Superior Geology, Superior Geology, A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum Web Publication 4, 2017, Michigan’s First State Geologist, page 5.
31 thoughts on “Boston Roots in the Keweenaw Peninsula”
Delighted to find a NEHGS Vita Brevis article about Finns in the Keweenaw! My ancestors were on the Mayflower; my husband’s were copper miners from Särkijärvi and Alavus. We spend our summers in the Copper Country, and have a friend who lives on Mayflower Road.
I’m sure your friend knows my 2nd cousin Ruth Wanhala! My grandmother was born in a little log cabin that use to sit on Ruth’s property on Mayflower Road. If you haven’t visited the library at Michigan Tech, they have a lot of historical records there including employment records from the mining companies. We keep our boat Inevitable in Eagle Harbor during the month of August. If you ever come that way, stop by and say hello!
We will come back to the Keweenaw in May, and stay until October, when white stuff starts falling out of the sky. Our summer home is on Portage Lake in Bootjack. Paul’s mother was born in Boston Location, yet another Boston connection to the Keweenaw, in 1901, the year after her family emigrated from Finland. And I have spent many hours in the Michigan Tech archives. Solved a couple family mysteries in the old newspapers there.
Great story, so well written!
Thank you Steven! I appreciate you taking the time to read it.
I have noticed that too: New England names everywhere that show up here in Minneapolis, some of them in my family tree. Starting with the Pillsburys who founded their grain business … to Boynton, Whittier, Morrill, Blaisdell, Beebe and more, whose names grace our streets, lakes, and state university buildings.
Is that the same Pillsbury family that every child worships on Thanksgiving? There was a funny meme recently about Pillsbury Crescent Rolls and how we spend ten hours in the kitchen cooking, so kids can eat crescent rolls (and I can’t blame them).
My 3rd Great Grandfather, John Simpkins, was an investor in Calumet-Hecla at the request of Agassiz and Shaw. JS’s daughter Mabel married Agassiz’s son George. Fascinating history here! Enjoyed your piece.
Mary, I’m going to have to keep my eye out for the Simpkin’s name in the Cooper Country. I wouldn’t be surprised if there was a street named after them! Thank you for your post!
Kimberly, this is fascinating! I just read a mystery set in that area that you might find interesting: The Weaver’s Revenge by Kathleen Ernst.
I believe I have seen her book in a few stores up here. Thank you for recommending it!
I wonder if Elizabeth Wiilard Parkman was related to Dr George Parkman of Boston to which The Parkman House was named, interesting story about Dr George Parkman.
Oh, that is a gruesome tale that I actually read about while writing this blog post. I have not looked at historical documents regarding the relationship, but I believe Elizabeth Willard Parkman was Dr. George Parkman’s sister. I had planned to revisit that. Thank you for the post (and reminder)!
Enjoyed your blog post, Kimberly; interesting, with such pride of heritage, and the good fortune to live it.
Thank you for taking the time to read it. I’m very proud of my Finnish heritage and I was raised to appreciate and celebrate it. I’m very fortunate in that respect.
That is a beautiful, genealogical and historic story.
Thank you! I appreciate you taking the time to read my blog and I appreciate the compliment. It was fun to write!
Where I live, in Kitsap County, Washington, there is a similar tale of two men, Andrew Jackson Pope and Captain William Talbot, who came from East Machias, Maine to build an empire in logging in 1856. Although they were from Maine, the men were always considered “men from Boston.” The company town they built, Port Gamble, was developed in the style of a New England village (still standing today), and dislocated the local Port Gamble S’Klallam tribe to a small area of land that would be called, even today, Little Boston.
I knew we were not the only ones, but now I do wonder how many of these “Little Boston” towns there were across the country. I personally have not heard of Kitsap County, Washington, but our Keweenaw it still a big logging area, so there is another thing in common.
As a fellow Michigander, 6th generation on my part, I say Bravo! Thank you for your well written work that acknowledges the first peoples of Michigan.
Thank you for your post. I’m a proud Finn, but much more needs to be done to honor the history of those that came before us!
I shared this piece with one of the Michigan genealogy Facebook groups to which I belong. Great research and photos (!) intertwined with a personal history that made it come alive. Thank you, Ms. Mannisto!
I was delighted to read an article about our U.P. but even more delighted to learn that your great-grandfather was Mikko Wanhala. My great-grandfather was Heikki Wanhala, a native of Muhos, Oulu who immigrated to Ishpeming in 1892. I had wondered if all the U.P. Wanhala’s were distantly related but that doesn’t seem likely. (Ylivieska is about 90 miles from Muhos.) I would love to correspond privately with you concerning the geography of the Wanhala surname.
My husband is from Sault Saint Marie & my 1st cousin lives in Marquette. Have visited the U.P. often & the beautiful areas. Loved your article!! Peggy Christie
I am a Michigander, my family 7generations in Michigan. Our history here is multi mixing population. From Chinese, Finnish, English and Welch in the U.P. to Muslim, Spanish, Dutch and Poland in the lower Michigan. Plus the native Indians. I am proud to call my self a Michigander.
Years ago a fellow railroad fan, describing obscure sleeping-car routes, spoke of one car that ran Thursday nights only from Boston through Canada and the U.P. to Duluth. I suggested to him that its main clientele would have been Calumet & Hecla officers and employees retuning to the Copper Country from a visit to headquarters.
That is an interesting tidbit of railroad history, John! It was probably a much nicer car than the rest.
What a great story. To know these brave individuals came to start a new life on this side of the ocean. My grandmother’s side, by the name of Grenier settled in the Calumet area back around 1850 and and my grandfather’s side in the Upper Peninsula. Small world.
As a fellow Bronco from WMU, whose husband worked at the Calumet Armory for a bit, and who completed her BU Genealogical Research Certificate while living near Ishpeming (or Ish-per-ming if your a native!), I loved this story. The Keweenaw is a hidden gem and one of my favorite places. Thanks for taking me back there, but now I am thinking about dinner at the Harbor Haus!
Kimberly, I’m so excited to read your article from home here in Boston. I was a historian on the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) team the NPS sent to Calumet in summer 1975 to document the Calumet & Hecla mining company buildings and history. At that time there was controversy locally about what should be done with the buildings from the closed mining operation. Some wanted them cleared from the landscape. I’m delighted to learn from your piece that it’s become a national historical park.
Thank you for illuminating the treaty as the decisive event.