Anna's origins

According to family stories, my great-great-grandmother Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann emigrated in 1864 from Germany to Cleveland, Ohio. She was supposedly about 17 and came with other young women from her community to marry men who had preceded them to America. For some reason Anna and her intended husband did not marry. There has been a lot of speculation in my family about why the marriage did not occur. Maybe her betrothed was dead? Maybe he had married someone else? Maybe Anna called off the marriage?

In any case, soon after her arrival Anna met my great-great-grandfather Henry Dauber, a “perfect stranger,” and supposedly married him after three days. The family story ends with the following description, “He was 6'4" and she was 4'10" and they were an odd looking but very happily married couple.”

My research into Anna discovered that she arrived in New York on 24 May 1864 with a group of other young women of similar age.[1] However, she was not 17, as my family’s story stated; instead, she was 22. Her final destination was Cleveland, as it was for three of the other women.

“He was 6'4" and she was 4'10" and they were an odd looking but very happily married couple.”

Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann married Henry Dauber in Cleveland on 28 December 1864.[2]  For more on Henry’s background, see my previous post here. Henry was a Civil War veteran and was mustered out in New York City on 13 June 1864.[3] Family stories stated that after his discharge he went west looking for work; he liked Cleveland, so he stayed. As far as I have been able to determine, Henry had no previous connections to Cleveland. This means the family story that Anna and Henry were strangers could be true. I am not sure if they married within three days of meeting, but they did marry within six months of Henry’s arrival in Cleveland.

Anna and Henry went on to have three children and lived the rest of their lives in Cleveland. Anna died there on 15 July 1907.[4] She led a genealogically uneventful life and left few records.

For years Anna has been one of my brick walls, as I could find no record that named her parents or a place in Germany where she was born. The closest I could get was the German state of Hesse (formally Hesse Cassel). This was found on the 1864 passenger list and on her entry on the 1870 census.[5]

However, recently I had a breakthrough in my research on Anna. Her civil marriage stated she was married by the Reverend H.C. Schwan, the minister of the Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church in Cleveland.[6] Church records are an important genealogical resource. This is especially true for German church records, which may list parent names and a birthplace. I very much wanted a copy of Anna’s church marriage record but was repeatedly unsuccessful in tracking it down. Then came news of the publication of a new volume of German Immigrants in American Church Records. I was delighted to learn one of the most recent volumes contained transcribed records for the Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church in Cleveland!

Once I had my hands on this book, I learned that Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann was born in Raboldshausen, Hessen-Nassau (now part of the German state of Hesse).[7] No parent names were given, but now I had a location in Germany I could search for records.

Consulting Meyers Gazetteer, I learned that Raboldshausen had a Protestant parish church.[8] These records I then discovered were available on the German church record portal Archion. Searching Raboldshausen’s church records I discovered that Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann was born on 26 November 1841 and was the daughter of Jakob Mohrmann, linen weaver, and his wife Anna Margaretha (Paul) Mohrmann.[9]

I also found two further confirmations that I was in the right place. Four of the young women traveling with Anna in 1864 also appeared in Raboldshausen church records. Anna and these four women were also named in a commemorative publication by the village of Raboldshausen. In 1999 the village celebrated its 775th anniversary and published the names of auswanderer (emigrants) who left Raboldshausen between 1854 and 1873. In 1864 five women with the occupation of dienstmagd (maid) were named. They were Catherina Constantin, Maria Gundlach, Catharina Waldschmidt, Anna Elisabeth Wetzel, and Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann,[10] the very same names that appeared on the 1864 passenger list.


[1] "New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 20 February 2021), Anna Elis Mohrmann, 1864.

[2] "Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 8 March 2021), Henry Dauber and Anna Mohrmann, 28 December 1864.

[3] “U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865,” database, Ancestry (, Heinrich Dauber, enlistment date 6 June 1861.

[4] "Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 1 March 2021), Anna E. Dauber, 15 July 1907.

[5] "United States Census, 1870", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 29 May 2021), Henry Dower household.

[6] “Encyclopedia of Cleveland History,” database Case Western Reserve University (, Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church.

[7] Roger P. Minert, editor, German Immigrants in American Church Records, Volume 28: Northeast Ohio Protestant (Orting, Wash.: Family Roots Publishing, 2019), 249.

[8] Meyers Gazetteer (, Raboldshausen, Hessen-Nassau.

[9] Raboldshausen Taufbuch (baptism register) 1830-1885, page 66, no. 297, Anna Elisabeth Mohrmann, 26 November 1841; Archion ( > Kurhessen-Waldeck: Landeskirchliches Archiv Kassel > Homberg > Raboldshausen > Tauf 1830-1885 > image 786; permalink

[10] Festausschuss zur Vorbereitung der 775-Jahrfeier Raboldshausen, Hrsg., 775 Jahre Raboldshausen, 1224-1999 (Raboldshausen, 1999), 107;

Pam Guye Holland

About Pam Guye Holland

Pam has been researching family roots in Ireland, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, and Germany for over twenty years. She is the genetic genealogy director for the Massachusetts Genealogical Council and is a certificate holder from the Boston University Genealogical Research Certificate program. She lectures internationally, is a regular contributor to the NEHGS blog, Vita-Brevis, and has published articles on genetics and genealogy in the American Ancestors magazine. A native of Cleveland, Ohio, she grew up in West Virginia, and currently resides in the Boston area. During her earlier career she earned a BA in International Relations from the College of Wooster and a MS in Computer Science from Northeastern University. Areas of expertise: Irish immigration, Irish records, DNA, church records, German, New York (both city and state), and New England.View all posts by Pam Guye Holland