“Christmas won’t be Christmas without any presents,” grumbled Jo, lying on the rug.
“It’s so dreadful to be poor!” sighed Meg, looking down at her old dress.
“I don’t think it’s fair for some girls to have plenty of pretty things, and other girls nothing at all,” added little Amy, with an injured sniff.
“We’ve got Father and Mother, and each other,” said Beth contentedly from her corner.
So begins Louisa May Alcott’s novel, Little Women, whose opening lines have always stuck in many readers’ minds, including my own. When reading Little Women as a young man, I was unaware that I would one day find a manuscript that mentions her controversial father, Bronson Alcott, who was a teacher, philosopher, and creator of the Temple School in Boston, Massachusetts, in the early nineteenth century. As a researcher at NEHGS, I often delve into the various manuscripts available in our R. Avery Stanton Special Collections. The document mentioned above is the diary of nine-year-old Martha Anne Kuhn, who kept a journal during the summer of 1836. This diary is a fascinating glimpse into history and what life was like for a small girl at that time, including her time at Bronson Alcott’s school and her family’s travel from Boston to Albany, New York, and back to Boston.
Martha and her family lived at 66 Beacon Street in Boston. Her father was George H. Kuhn, who was “one of the most prominent business men of that city, who filled many positions of trust, and served in both branches of the Legislature.” Martha Anne Kuhn married Samuel Greely Clarke, who was a First Scholar at Harvard University in 1851 and studied law with Daniel Webster’s office. Martha died in 1891. The diary was given to the Society in March of 1954 by an NEHGS member from Wellesley Hills. It is a small, green diary, written in easily legible cursive. Here are some unaltered excerpts from Martha Anne Kuhn’s 1836 diary:
Tuesday, July 5th, 1836
I rose rather late and played till breakfast was ready…. I then shelled peas for mother till half-past. I then prepared for School.
In School I took my seat and wrote my old journal through and wrote part of a copy. I then carried my book to Mr. Alcott and he looked at it and gave me this one to write in. So I wrote a little while in it and then drew a map of the North West territory. I shall have to draw it on the next pages as I am going to write the description of it first.
The North West territory lies between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi …. It is chiefly inhabited by Indians and little known peoples …. After I had studied the lesson we recited it and then had a reces. After reces Mr. Greater did not come so Mr. Alcott was going to read to us.
The series continues here.
 Clarke, George Kuhn. Genealogy of the Descendants of Nathanial Clarke of Newbury, Mass. (T.R. Marvin & Son, Press, Boston, 1883), pg. 36.